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The Proper Way to Treat a Heart Murmur

What Is A Heart Murmur?

A heart murmur indicates abnormal blood flow through the heart. A heart murmur may be caused by a defective heart valve – one that may not close completely or one that does not completely open. Defective valves can lead to regurgitation of the blood – blood leaks back into the valve after it has passed through and the valve should be closed.

Who Is at Risk?nyc-heart-doctor

You may be at risk for developing a heart murmur if any of the following apply:

• Hereditary congenital heart disease
• Rheumatic fever
• Heart valve inflammation
• Aortic aneurysm
• Heart attack
• Atherosclerotic heart disease
• Marfan Syndrome
• Systematic Lupus Erythematosus
• Overactive thyroid gland

Symptoms of a Heart Murmur

Symptoms of a heart murmur can include:

• Shortness of breath
• Chest pain
• Palpitations or irregular heartbeat
• Fainting
• Fatigue

Can You Prevent a Heart Murmur?

Most hereditary heart murmurs cannot be prevented. If a heart murmur is caused by underlying conditions, a heart murmur can possibly be prevented. Treating high blood pressure, overactive thyroid, and anemia could help you prevent a heart murmur. Take all antibiotics that are prescribed to you in order to avoid an infection in your heart valve.

Diagnosing a Heart Murmur

If you experience any of the previous symptoms and have any of the risk factors listed, it is important to see a cardiologist who knows how to treat a heart murmur. Your cardiologist will review your symptoms and risk factors to determine what tests may need to be done. Your cardiologist may order one of the following tests:

• Chest X-ray – used to detect an enlarged heart that may be caused by heart or valve disease
• Electrocardiogram – used to measure electrical activity in the heart
• Echocardiography – used to outline the heart’s structure by using sound waves

Treating a Heart Murmur

It is important to consult a cardiologist to determine how to treat a heart murmur. Your cardiologist may use medications, valve repair, or valve replacement to treat your heart murmur. If you have any of the symptoms listed, be sure to contact a cardiologist immediately. Dr. Seldon, a Heart Doctor and Cardiologist in New York City, offers same day appointments and all testing is done on site. Call us at 888-474-9351.



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